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Jagada Guru, a kothi from Devanapattinam, prepares to play the goddess Amman in the Mayanakollai festival, which was put on in Devanapattinam by a group of people, which included several kothis. March 2013.
Kavia Varshini (Shamla) who is a classical dancer, performs for a gathering of kothis at Sivaga- mi’s house. November 2013
Sheethal smokes a cigarette in her apartment in Pondicherry. Sheethal acts as a guru to many of the younger kothis in this community who refer to her as their mother and she to them as her daughters. March 2013
Lakshaya (far right) poses with her mother and brother in their house in Devenappatinam. Laksheaya’s family are very supportive of her kothi identity. Her brother often hangs out with she her kothi friends. Mohana and Lakshaya are best friends and confidantes. November 2013.
Two daughters of Sheethal get ready for a function celebrating Sheethal’s first birth- day – marking one year after her gender-reassignment (“bottom”) surgery. Pondicherry, November 2013.
A group of people, including several kothis prepare food at Sivagami’s house. For many of the kothis, who live with their families, being able to prepare and serve food – considered to be “women’s work” is a way for them to express part of their female identity. November, 2013
Chitra, a kothi priest from outside of Cuddalore, poses for a portrait while cutting down wood used for cooking. Many kothis choose to do this kind of work – which is traditionally done by women – as another way to express their female identity. November 2013.
Mohana holds her niece while sitting with her family in their house in the village of Devanapattinam. November 2013
Sivagami standing in the doorway of her house, where she lives with her mother. After an argument with people from her original temple in Devenappatinam, she has built an idol and temple at her house. Her house has become a place where many kothis gather together. Devenappatinam, November 2013.
Sheethal celebrating her “first birthday” – marking one year after her gender-reassign- ment (“bottom”) surgery. Pondicherry, November 2013.
Dinesha, exhausted, after playing Goddess Kali in the Mayanakollai festival, March 2013
Since February 2007 a group of mostly Tuareg rebels have been fighting a low-level insurgent war against the government of Niger. From a series of bases in the remote, arid Air Mountains, which sit astride vast seas of dunes of the Sahara, the rebellion seeks to gain a greater share of the country’s uranium wealth and to prevent the fragile ecosystem of Tuareg pastoral lands from damage due to mining. The government has responded to the rebellion with increasing violence, calling the rebels drug traffickers and bandits and refusing to negotiate their political demands.
Niger is the world’s third largest supplier of uranium, and the price of uranium has skyrocketed as energy hungry economies like China increasingly look to the nuclear fuel to power their growing economies.
These images were taken during three weeks of traveling with the Niger Movement for Justice, as the group is known, in April and May 2008. Because this remote region is completely cut off to the news media, these images offer a rare glimpse of the rebellion and the people it claims it is protecting.
The images also document the timeless yet changing way of life of the Tuareg people, whose nomadic livelihoods have been threatened by climate change, globalization, migration and mining.
Khader Abdulla, one of a handful of non-Tuareg fighters who have joined the rebellion.
Scenes from the Air Mountains.
Amoumen Khalil washes his feet in preparation to pray. Amoumen, a trained veterinary technician who joined the rebellion after what he saw as decades of discrimination against Tuareg.
A group of Tuareg rebels play a game using spent batteries and camel dung.
Amouden, a rebel fighter, takes a break in a small provision shop.
Rebel soldiers stand in front of debris left over from the battle of Tezerheit.
A displaced woman and her child who used to live in the town of Iferouane.
A baby sleeping in a traditional Tuareg encampment.
Freshly slaughtered goat.
A Tuareg soldier poses for a portrait.
Ibrahim Khader, 22 years old, joined the rebellion after being a petrol smuggler in Algeria.
Scene from the Air Mountains.
A group of Tuareg soldiers traveling around with their pet monkey.
A soldier checks his bullets.
Keeping watch over the desert.
Tyson vs. 50 cent
Traditional West African Wrestling
What began as a sport practied throughout the villages of West Africa has now boomed into a big business for wrestlers and sponsors alike. The biggest stars today have stage names like "Tyson" and "50 cent" and draw crowds of tens of thousands of spectators. Purses are huge and instead of winning a bag of rice or a goat as in the old days, big time wrestlers are now fighting for prizes of over 250,000 Euro.
All over Dakar, Senegal, wrestling schools train these up-and-comers hundreds at a time -- all of them trying to make their mark as wrestlings next star. For many of these young men, it is one hope to out of poverty. These images chronicle the struggle of wrestlers to achieve the dream of being the one rising star who makes it.
A group of young men doing rigorous calisthenics to train at a wrestling school in the suburbs of Dakar, Senegal.
A group of young men train at a wrestling school in the suburbs of Dakar, Senegal.
A wrestler pauses during a sparring match at a wrestling school, outside of Dakar, Senegal.
The view through the cheering crowd during a wrestling match in Dakar, Senegal.
A crowd cheers during a wrestling match in Dakar, Senegal.
A wrestler pauses before a match.
A policeman tries to control the crowd entering the stadium during a match. Matches always draw a large crowd - sometimes filling stadiums of 40,000.
A large wrestling match in Dakar, Senegal.
A wrestler is comforted after a loss. Along with the blow to the ego, each loss lessens the wrestlers chances of graduating to more lucrative matches.